Major Policy Initiatives Under NGRBA

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Demography has an important bearing on the state of the river as it is significantly affected by the population living within the basin. Average population density in the Ganga basin is 520 persons per square km as against 312 for the entire country (2001 census). Major cities of Delhi, Kolkata, Kanpur, Lucknow, Patna, Agra, Meerut, Varanasi and Allahabad are situated in the basin. The cities in the basin have large and growing populations and a rapidly expanding industrial base. The summary of urban population in the states covering Ganga basin is given in Table. It can be seen that between 2001 and 2011, urban population increased by 30% approximately. This trend is likely to continue. The pollution load is also expected to increase correspondingly.

S.NoStatesNo of Statutory Towns*Urban Population(2001)Urban Population(2011)
1. Bihar 143 8,681,880 11,758,016
2. Jharkhand 41 5,993,741 7,933,061
3. Haryana 91 6,115,304 8,842,103
4. Himachal Pradesh 58 595,581 688,552
5. Madhya Pradesh 394 15,967,145 20,069,405
6. Chhattisgarh 188 4,185,747 5,937,237
7. Rajasthan 205 13,200,000 17,048,085
8. Uttar Pradesh 670 34,539,582 44,495,063
9. Uttarakhand 80 2,179,074 3,049,338
10. West Bengal 138 22,427,251 29,093,002
11. Delhi 6 12,905,780 16,368,899

★ Source:http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/Listofvillagesandtowns.aspx